What type of dog is a Merle?

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Merle is a distinguishing marking of several breeds, particularly the Australian Shepherd and Catahoula Leopard Dog, and appears in others, including the Koolie in Australia, the Shetland Sheepdog, various collie breeds, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the Pyrenean Shepherd and the Bergamasco Shepherd.

What is considered a merle dog?

Merle is a pattern in a dog’s coat, though is commonly incorrectly referred to as a colour. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well.

Is a merle dog rare?

These dogs have a dense coat, prick ears and very pointy nose. Pomeranians most often are seen in the colors of solid white or orange/red. The merle coloring is rather rare and if you are looking for such a dog, you are likely to spend quite a bit of time (and money!) to get your puppy.

What dog breeds have the merle gene?

The Merle pattern can be seen in various breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd Dog, Australian Koolie, Border Collie, Dachshund, French Bulldog, Louisiana Catahoula, Labradoodle, Miniature American Shepherd, Miniature Australian Shepherd, Pyrenean Shepherd, Rough Collie, Shetland Sheepdog, Welsh Sheepdog, Cardigan …

What is wrong with merle dogs?

The extreme lack of pigmentation is what makes these dogs unhealthy and prone to multiple conditions. It goes along with: Hearing impairment – ranging from light deficits to complete deafness. Vision impairment – up to complete blindness.

Why are merle dogs more expensive?

In a nutshell, merle dogs are expensive because puppy buyers are willing to pay a lot of money for them. The pattern is very sought-after, and the more demand there is, the higher breeders can set their prices. In addition, merle breedings can be quite rare in some breeds.

What is a typical merle?

A standard merle coat has two characteristics: a diluted base color and random patches of full pigmentation. In recent years, two spontaneous variations of merle have been recognized: dilute and harlequin. Dilute merles have a milder coat dilution with no patches.

Are merle dogs purebred?

Merle is sometimes introduced to other purebred dog breeds through crossbreeding, but these dogs are not purebred and cannot be registered with any reputable kennel club.

How do I know if my dog is a merle?

All merles may have blue or partially blue eyes, and pink or partially pink noses. Merle can be completely hidden by recessive red, as recessive red dogs can’t make eumelanin pigment and merle only affects eumelanin. A recessive red merle is sometimes known as a phantom merle.

Is merle a poodle?

While there are several breeds which are known and accepted as merle (such as the Australian shepherd and corgi), merles are not accepted by the AKC in the poodle category. This is especially because it is not a naturally occurring trait in poodles, whereas it is in the other breeds.

What does the word merle mean?

1 : a coat color pattern of some dogs (such as the border collie, dachshund, and Great Dane) that consists of a typically bluish- or reddish-gray mixed with splotches of black or reddish- brown and that occurs as a result of the lightening or dilution of the normal base coat color so that only dark patches of normal …

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What’s the difference between dapple and merle?

Do you have a Dapple? Dappling, a splotchy multi-color coat pattern found in Dachshunds, is called merle in other dog breeds such as the Collie, Great Dane and Australian Shepherd. It’s important to understand that dapple is NOT a color, it is a pattern.

Are Brindle and merle the same?

Like merle, brindle is also a coat color pattern, it is often described as being “tiger-striped.” The stripes are irregular and dark against a lighter base color that is often fawn, brown or gray. The brindle coat pattern is found in several dog breeds including great danes, bulldogs and boxers.

Do merle puppies change color?

Merle Dog Puppies



Merle coloring can become darker with age. So, be aware that those white areas on your merle puppy may start to look grayer as your dog ages. But other than that, a merle dog puppy will have all the attributes of an adult of the breed.

Where do merle dogs come from?

Merle is a coat pattern found in Australian Shepherds, Collies, Shelties, and a number of other dog breeds. This particular phenotype is inherited as an autosomal, incompletely dominant trait. The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and affects skin pigment.

Are merle dogs hypoallergenic?

Does Being Merle Affect The Hypoallergenic Trait? Good news for all you guys suffering from allergies: merle poodles are hypoallergenic! Still, some dog experts might claim that the merle poodle isn’t hypoallergenic because of its coat color; it’s because the poodles, in general, don’t usually trigger allergies.

How much is a merle bully worth?

Despite this, Merle American Bully can cost between $5,000 and $10,000 or more. This is because they are quite rare, although even then, you run the risk of your American Bully not actually being a purebred dog.

How much is a merle bulldog worth?

English Bulldog Price Chart By Color

Color Price Recognized by AKC?
Lilac $4,000-$6,000 No
Chocolate $3,000-$4,500 No
Platinum $3,000-$5,000 No
Merle $4,500-$10,000 No

What breeds make a merle pitbull?

Most merle pitbull puppies are bred from a pitbull and catahoula leopard mix. Merle was a natural Pitbull color, but nowadays it is very rare to find a purebred merle puppy. The gene in pitbulls has always naturally existed, but historically it was not popular. Merle was often associated with health issues.

Is merle recognized by AKC?

Most merle French bulldogs can be registered by the AKC, but they aren’t considered a standard breed color. Despite this, the AKC still recognizes them.

Is merle a mutation?

Merle is among the most exciting coat color mutations of dogs both phenotypically and genotypically. The autosomal semidominant inheritance of this mutation was described nearly a century ago. Two alleles have been identified and distinguished: the wild “m” allele and the mutant “M” (or merle) allele [8].

What is a merle Doodle?

Merles are a marbled looking coat, and can come in “blue merle”, “sable merle” and “chocolate merle”. These puppies can also often times have blue or partially blue eyes. These can also come in variations of phantom, parti, and tri-colored.

Is merle dominant or recessive in dogs?

The merle coat in dogs is incompletely dominant.



The merle allele “M” is dominant and the non-merle allele “m” is recessive. For a dog to have a merle coat, it requires both alleles. This makes merle heterozygous.

Can pitbulls be merle?

Pitbulls can carry the merle gene. Like all breeds, this gene is quite rare and must often be bred for specifically. This rarity makes them more expensive, as a lot of labor goes into these dogs. However, merle Pitbulls cannot be registered with many major kennel clubs.

Why can’t 2 merles breed?

The unethical practice of breeding double merles is generally condemned worldwide, not only because so many are considered defective and put down at birth by their breeders, but because of the health problems that plague them, namely, partial or complete deafness and blindness.

Can you breed a merle to a Tri?

Breeding tri to tri produces all tri’s therefore, the preferred color crosses are blue merle to black tri, blue merle to red tri, red merle to black tri, & red merle to red tri. In addition, red to red yields all reds so breeding a red merle to a red tri produces ONLY red merle & red tri puppies.

What’s the most expensive dog?

Tibetan Mastiff



Case in point, a Red Tibetan Mastiff named Big Splash is the most expensive dog ever sold. His new owner shelled out some $1.5 million to take home a then 11-month-old, 180-pound puppy.

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What is the most rare dog name?

Top Uncommon Dog Names

  • Bixby.
  • Busy.
  • Cinder.
  • Happy.
  • Harper.
  • Rain.
  • Ritz.
  • Tails.

What is the craziest dog breed?

10 of the Strangest Dog Breeds on the Planet

  • Xoloitzcuintle (Xoloitzcuintli) Well, this dog has a name that’s even weirder than its appearance – Xoloitzcuintle, sometimes referred to as Xoloitzcuintli or simply Xolo.
  • Bedlington Terrier.
  • Affenpinscher.
  • Puli.
  • Lowchen.
  • Cambodian Razorback Dog.
  • Lagotto Romagnolo.
  • Bergamasco.

How much is a merle Doodle?

Bernedoodle Pricing (all sizes): Merle Tri-color: $4000. Tri-color: $3500.

What makes a merle poodle?

Merle poodles have distinct color patterns usually consisting of a solid base color with patches or splotches throughout their coats. These unique color patterns are a result of the merle gene inherited from one or both parents. Merle poodles are not considered purebred and are not recognized by the AKC.

What is a merle cockapoo?

Merle cockapoos are more commonly found in countries such as America and are rare in the UK. The merle gene gives a striking pattern to the coat, as merle is a dilution gene so it lightens what the coat would have been resulting in patches of colours over the dogs coat.

How do you tell if a dog is a double merle?

Dogs with the double merle gene may be/have:



All white in color, or have patches of merle/mottled coloring on the top half of their body – their head, back, and base of the tail. Light-colored paw pads. Have light blue, green or brown eyes, perhaps even eyes that are different colors.

Can you breed a merle with a merle?

A double merle is created when two merle dogs are bred together. It doesn’t matter what color merle or what breed they are. If two merle dogs are bred together, each puppy in the litter has a 25% chance of being born a double merle. A double merle inherits the merle gene twice.

What does merle mean in dog color?

Merle is an incompletely dominant coat color pattern characterized by irregularly shaped patches of diluted pigment and solid color.

Is blue merle rare?

Blue merle is actually one of the rarest Border Collie coat colors. This coat color can only be produced in puppies by dogs who carry the dominant merle gene.

Can you breed a white dog with a merle?

If you plan to breed a dog with the merle gene, you should not breed it with another of similar genetic makeup. If lucky, the dog will be colorful and healthy, but there is a substantial chance that the double merle gene offspring could be blind, deaf or both. In other words, don’t do it.

How are merle dogs made?

The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. All merle dogs have the genotype Mm — meaning they have one allele for merle and one allele for non-merle. All non-merles are mm.

Is merle the same as Roan?

The AKC did recognize roans, but not merles. So most merle Cockers ended up getting registered as roans, even though genetically merle and roan are two very different things. This changed in 2011, when the AKC started allowing merles to be registered as merles.

Are merle doodles rare?

The price of the Blue Merle Goldendoodle is higher than that of a Merle Goldendoodle because the Blue color is rarer. Are Merle Goldendoodles rare? Although Merle is rare, it’s a semi-dominant gene and isn’t too difficult to reproduce.

What is a chocolate merle?

The most recognizable is the blue or red merle, but chocolate merle is also possible (see photos below). Merle refers to the pattern in the coat and is not a color as such. The white and gray patterns that appear on a black make them appear to have a blueish cast.

What is a Phantom blue merle?

The phantom in “phantom blue merle” means this puppy has generous amounts of copper (tan) on it’s face, eyebrows, legs and chest.

What is a Harlequin merle?

Harlequin is a pattern seen in Great Danes resulting from the complex interaction of the Merle (PMEL17) and Harlequin (PSMB7) genes on black pigment. The dominant Merle gene by itself produces dark spots on a dilute background on eumelanistic dogs.

What is the difference between merle and Tri?

Red merle makes up this base coat for this color combination. They have red spots on top of an buff (a light orange-brown) to silver base color. The tri colored version has white markings found on the face, chest, legs and belly. They also have copper highlights usually seen on the face and legs only.

How much is a blue merle collie?

On average, you should expect to fork out between $500 and $1,000 to buy a regular Border Collie. One with blue merle coloring will cost more. If you want a well-bred puppy from a reputable breeder, be ready to pay between $1,000 and $2,000.

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What dog breed has the least health issues?

22 Healthiest Dog Breeds With the Least Health Problems

  • of 22. Australian Cattle Dog. Known to help ranchers keep herds in check, Australian Cattle Dogs love being outdoors.
  • of 22. Australian Shepherd.
  • of 22. Basenjis.
  • of 22. Beagle.
  • of 22. Belgian Malinois.
  • of 22. Bichon Frise.
  • of 22. Border Collie.
  • of 22. Chihuahua.

Are merle Aussies healthy?

While merle Australian shepherds are still prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, and epilepsy, they’re relatively healthy. Other big ones to look out for with Australian shepherds are hypothyroidism, Collie nose, and cancer. Australian shepherds are anything but rare.

How do you make a merle Bulldog?

A merle English bulldog can be born to any English bulldog, even classic ones, as long as the gene is present in one or both of the parents. The best way to know if a bulldog carries the gene is by genetic testing.

Can a bully be merle?

While some might call American Bullies with the merle mutation by several different colors, there are basically three (as of this writing) that are most common. They include ‘blue’ merles, ‘red’ merles and ‘cryptic’ merles.

Do merle dogs have more health issues?

Yes – merle dogs can be just as healthy as dogs that have a solid color. They have the same life expectancy, they are just as strong and athletic and smart as their counterparts without the merle gene. In lines with responsible merle breedings, all offspring will be healthy and live a long life.

Do merle dogs always have blue eyes?

No, the merle gene does not always cause blue eyes. The merle gene causes the lightening of pigment in patches throughout the body. If these patches do not coincide with the eyes, the dog will have brown eyes instead. They may also have multicolored eyes.

How much is a merle English bulldog puppy?

The purchase price for a merle English Bulldog ranges from $4,500 up to an incredible $15,000!

Is merle a bloodline?

The merle is a color adaptation based on a mutation, so the bloodline of the merle is based on which type of pitbull it is and has nothing at all to do with whether it is dapple or not. In fact, merle pitbulls are not recognized at all by the American Dog Breeders Association and similar organizations.

What’s the rarest Pitbull color?

Blue. Like Lilac, the tri-color blue Pitbull is one of the rarest combinations. Blue is usually a rare color in Pitbulls, so you won’t see many of these dogs. The blue variety are unique from other tri-color Pitbulls because they will always have a blue nose.

How can I tell what kind of Pitbull I have?

How to Determine a Breed of Pitbull

  1. Weigh your pitbull. Pitbull breeds vary greatly in size.
  2. Examine the head of your pitbull.
  3. Don’t depend on the length of the fur to tell you what kind of pitbull you have.
  4. Ask your veterinarian what kind of pitbull you have.
  5. Check any papers that came with your pitbull.

Why are merle dogs more expensive?

In a nutshell, merle dogs are expensive because puppy buyers are willing to pay a lot of money for them. The pattern is very sought-after, and the more demand there is, the higher breeders can set their prices. In addition, merle breedings can be quite rare in some breeds.

Can you register a merle dog?

The Kennel Club has announced that it will no longer accept registration applications for merle-coloured dogs in breeds where there is no documented evidence of the colour having been well established over a sustained period.

Are merle poodles real poodles?

While some breeds have spontaneously developed the merle gene, merle poodles are not natural. This means that the gene has been introduced into the poodle pool by another breed of dog, making merle poodles not purebred even if they look and act like it.

What breeds carry the merle gene?

The Merle pattern can be seen in various breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd Dog, Australian Koolie, Border Collie, Dachshund, French Bulldog, Louisiana Catahoula, Labradoodle, Miniature American Shepherd, Miniature Australian Shepherd, Pyrenean Shepherd, Rough Collie, Shetland Sheepdog, Welsh Sheepdog, Cardigan …

Do merle puppies change color?

Merle Dog Puppies



Merle coloring can become darker with age. So, be aware that those white areas on your merle puppy may start to look grayer as your dog ages. But other than that, a merle dog puppy will have all the attributes of an adult of the breed.

Is merle the same as brindle?

Like merle, brindle is also a coat color pattern, it is often described as being “tiger-striped.” The stripes are irregular and dark against a lighter base color that is often fawn, brown or gray. The brindle coat pattern is found in several dog breeds including great danes, bulldogs and boxers.

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